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A Brief History of Henry County, Georgia

County History: Henry County was created on May 15, 1821 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1821 Extra. Session, p. 3). [Click here to read the legal description of Henry County's original boundaries.] Dooly, Houston, Monroe, Fayette, and Henry County were created in that order by the Georgia Land Lottery Act of 1821, which was enacted at a special session of the General Assembly four months after the Creek Indians ceded lands between the Ocmulgee and Flint rivers on Jan. 8, 1821 in the first Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry County was organized by an act of the legislature approved Dec. 24, 1821 (Ga. Laws 1821, p. 44). Later, portions of Henry County were used to create the following counties: Newton (1821), DeKalb (1822), Butts (1825), Spalding (1851), Clayton (1858), and Rockdale (1870).

Georgia's 52nd county was named for American Revolutionary patriot Patrick Henry, who is probably best remembered for impassioned "Give me liberty or give me death!" speech (see text).

Click here for more information on the history of Henry County.

County Seat: The Dec. 24, 1821 act organizing Henry County authorized the justices of the inferior court to select the location of the county seat. In 1822 or 1823, the court selected one-half of land lot 134 in the seventh district as the location of the county seat and laid out a town on this site. In an act of Dec. 17, 1823, the legislature declared this site the permanent seat of government for Henry County and incorporated it as McDonough (Ga. Laws 1823, p. 188). The town was named for Thomas McDonough, a U.S. naval commodore who became famous during the War of 1812 for defeating a British fleet on Lake Champlain in 1814.

His son, Crawford Long, is generally recognized today as being the first doctor to anesthetize his patients. Long, who practiced in Danielsville before moving to Jefferson in 1841 had a brother who was a doctor and remained in Danielsville.






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